THE FIRE SAFETY HOUSE
The Fire Safety House is a mobile classroom used by safety professionals to demonstrate to children and adults fire prevention and home escape techniques. Included in the House design is a living room, kitchen, bedroom, and control room. Because it looks like a real house, instructors can teach about numerous fire hazards in a setting familiar to children.
BEDROOM: Participants are trained inside the Safety House in a simulated bedroom. Educators can teach fire escape skills in a realistic setting using electronically operated smoke detectors and a non-toxic (water based) smoke system, which gives the effect of an actual fire.
When the artificial smoke comes into the bedroom, participants learn the necessary actions they should take if they are involved in a fire situation. The smoke is used strictly for dramatic effect and removed via the ventilation system once the effect has been achieved. This is to keep children from thinking they can safely breathe the smoke in an actual fire. Educators stress the point that the smoke and gasses associated with many fires can kill quickly. Children also learn to recognize that firefighters are their friends and that they should not be afraid of the dark masked figures that may come towards them in a real fire situation.
A heated door helps children choose the right exit. With assistance, the children exit through a sliding window. One by one, the children escape the House by use of the emergency escape ladder.
LIVING ROOM: Educators spend quality time in front of the fireplace teaching heating safety measures and other home safety tips such as combustibles too close to a fireplace or space heater. Overloaded electrical outlets and the dangers associated with leaving an open flame unattended are just some of the many hazards that can be depicted in this area.
The living room environment may also be used to discuss other curriculums such as earthquake and disaster preparedness, baby sitter programs and first-aid training.
KITCHEN: On the opposite side of the living room is a full-sized kitchen. The use of operational appliances in the kitchen provides an opportunity to point out the hazards common to this room of the house. The layout of this room is also conductive to having senior citizens tour the kitchen. Children and the elderly have to be made aware of burn and fire dangers such as pot handles sticking out, combustible materials near the stove, the use of electrical appliances near a water source, tips on how to avoid cooking fires, microwave and stove safety plus other general tips.
A 911 phone system gives children and adults the opportunity to practice calling “911” or any local emergency number. The operator of the “Command Center” will answer the phone in the same manner the dispatcher would in case of an actual emergency. This allows parents and educators to see if the child would be able to correctly relay his or her address and other pertinent information.